INGREDIENTS: distilled water, glycolic acid, hydroxyethyl acrylate / sodium acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer, jojoba oil, rosehip oil, aloe vera, cucumber extract, lactobacillus ferment, salicylic acid, tocopherol, phenoxyethanol
Glycolic Acid: Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), a chemical exfoliant. It will help to remove dead skin cells from the skin’s surface. AHAs like glycolic acid are water-soluble chemical exfoliants, so they cannot enter pores to clean them out. This makes AHAs more suitable for dealing with less severe acne and blackheads. In this formula, glycolic acid is both exfoliating and acting synergistically with the salicylic acid in the formula.
Hydroxyethyl acrylate / sodium acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer: This ingredient is the gelling agent for the serum. It is a Hydro-Swelling Droplet (HSD) form of emulsifier, and is used for cold emulsions, in which no ingredients are heated during the formulation of the product.
Jojoba oil: Jojoba oil is a lightweight, fast-absorbing oil with a structure similar to that of sebum, which is produced by the skin. It is a great emollient to use in formulas for oily/combo skin because it won’t cause breakouts. In this formula, it is present as a fast-absorbing emollient.
Rosehip oil: Rosehip seed oil has loads of antioxidants and unsaturated fatty acids, so it is very anti-inflammatory. In this formula, it is present as an emollient and anti-inflammatory active.
Aloe vera: Aloe vera has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, hydrating, and antioxidant activity with regards to skin. In this formula, it is present as both a moisturizing agent and an anti-inflammatory active.
Cucumber Extract: Anti-inflammatory extract that hydrates, softens, and cools skin.
Lactobacillus ferment: This ingredient is a preservative, and is responsible for preventing the growth of bacteria, mold, fungus, yeast, etc.
Salicylic Acid: Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA), which is an oil-soluble chemical exfoliant. Unlike AHAs, salicylic acid can enter the pores and liquefy the contents, which makes it more appropriate for oily skin types. When added to a formula that contains AHAs, salicylic acid acts synergistically to exert more potent exfoliating activity than it could do on its own. SA should never be used by dry skin types.
Tocopherol: Tocopherol is Vitamin E, and acts as a preservative in this formula, preventing the oxidation of the oils in the product and increasing the shelf life.
Phenoxyethanol: This ingredient is a preservative, and is responsible for preventing the growth of bacteria, mold, fungus, yeast, etc.