INGREDIENTS: distilled water, squalane, cetearyl alcohol (and) ceteareth-20, cetyl stearate (and) isostearyl isostearate (and) cetyl alcohol (and) potassium cetyl phosphate (and) stearic acid; avocado oil, sunflower seed oil, meadowfoam oil, oatmeal, aloe vera, ceramide 3, saccharide isomerate, Pentylene glycol (and) glycerin (and) fructose (and) urea (and) citric acid (and) sodium hydroxide (and) maltose (and) sodium PCA (and) sodium chloride (and) sodium lactate (and) trehalose (and) allantoin (and) sodium hyaluronate (and) glucose, cornstarch, cetyl esters, tocopherol, gluconolactone (and) sodium benzoate, fragrance, EDTA
Squalane: Occurring naturally in the skin’s lipid layers, squalane prevents transepidermal water loss (TEWL) while restoring the skin’s suppleness and flexibility. It has exceptional hydration properties, it is highly biocompatible, and it has a strong ability to penetrate the skin. The squalane I use is sugar-based. Previously, squalane could only be sourced from shark liver or olive oil. While olive oil is more eco-friendly than shark liver oil, it is subject to price volatility and limited availability, due to its use as a food product. By using this form of squalane, I never have to worry about wild price fluctuations or about killing sharks, hooray!
Cetearyl alcohol (and) Ceteareth-20: This is the emulsifier in the formula. An emulsifier is a compound that is able to bind to both polar and nonpolar molecules in a solution. In skincare, an emulsifier is what holds the oil and water phases of the formula together. There are lots of different types of emulsifiers, with different properties. This particular emulsifier is what is known as an ‘oil in water’ emulsifier, because it emulsifies a small oil phase in a larger water phase.
Cetyl alcohol (and) isostearyl isostearate (and) potassium cetyl phosphate (and) cetyl stearate (and) stearic acid: This ingredient is a complex of compounds that help to regulate water loss from the skin and form a protective coating on skin. It strengthens your moisture barrier and reduces transepidermal water loss (TEWL) while providing long-lasting moisturization.
Avocado Oil: Avocado oil is richly moisturizing and nourishing for skin. It contains Vitamins A, D, and E, linoleic acid, oleic acid, and lecithin which help get rid of dry skin. It also has anti-inflammatory activity.
Sunflower oil: I love, love, LOVE sunflower seed oil! It’s really great for dry, dehydrated, or otherwise compromised skin because its linoleic acid content helps skin to make its own lipids, including ceramides, which are critical for proper barrier function. Sunflower seed oil also has a natural soothing effect on skin, making it great for reducing skin irritation.
Meadowfoam oil: This oil is super stable, largely because it is primarily composed of long-chain fatty acids, which are the most resistant to rancidity when exposed to oxygen. It also contains compounds which help the skin’s ability to prevent collagen degradation and to protect skin from UVB damage. In this formula, it is present as a stabilizing emollient.
Oatmeal (colloidal): Colloidal oatmeal is finely ground oatmeal (44 micrometer particle size) that acts as a skin soother and moisturizer.
Aloe vera: Aloe vera has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, hydrating, and antioxidant activity with regards to skin. In this formula, it is present as both a moisturizing agent and an anti-inflammatory active.
Ceramide 3: Ceramides are an important component of your protective moisture barrier on your skin’s surface. This moisture barrier protects skin from infection and irritation, and when it is disrupted or destroyed through the use of too-harsh products, you may experience near-constant skin irritation, eczema flare-ups, dermatitis, etc. This ingredient is present in this formula for moisturization and barrier-strengthening activity.
Saccharide isomerate: This ingredient is a sugar-based humectant, which means it holds water next to the skin. It provides a moisture reservoir that lasts 72 hours.
Pentylene glycol (and) glycerin (and) fructose (and) urea (and) citric acid (and) sodium hydroxide (and) maltose (and) sodium PCA (and) sodium chloride (and) sodium lactate (and) trehalose (and) allantoin (and) sodium hyaluronate (and) glucose: This is a blend of moisturizing and humectant ingredients that provides long-lasting moisture to skin. It mimics the skin’s own natural moisturizing factors, and restores skin’s moisture content as well as increasing skin’s ability to retain moisture. In clinical tests, it provided 72h of moisturization.
Cornstarch: This ingredient acts as a thickener in this formula.
Cetyl esters: This ingredient provides ‘slip’ to the formula, allowing the product to slide more easily across skin. It also acts as a thickener.
Tocopherol: Tocopherol is Vitamin E, and acts as a preservative in this formula, preventing the oxidation of the oils in the product and increasing the shelf life.
Gluconolactone (and) Sodium benzoate: This is the main preservative in this formula. It prevents the growth of bacteria, mold, fungus, yeast, etc.
Fragrance: This is the scent that is added to the product. Fragrance oil manufacturers are not required by law to disclose what compounds are in their fragrance oils. However, some will tell you what is NOT in their fragrance oils, and I base my fragrance oil purchases on this information. I make sure my fragrance oils are free of phthalates and known carcinogens. Because fragrance may be a source of irritation in a product formula, I offer all my products fragrance free as well as scented.
EDTA: EDTA is a metal ion chelator. This means that it scours the solution for metal ions, and once it finds them, it binds them very tightly, which makes them no longer a danger. Metal ions are highly reactive molecules that can cause oxidative damage to proteins, lipids, and DNA in cells. They are known to cause allergic reactions in skin, and generate inflammation.