INGREDIENTS: Distilled water, grapeseed oil, jojoba oil, watermelon seed oil, beta glucan, ginger root extract, poria cocos polysaccharide, hydroxyethyl acrylate (and) sodium acryloyldimethyl (and) taurate copolymer, lactobacillus ferment, coenzyme Q10, tocopherol, fragrance, phenoxyethanol
Grapeseed oil: Grapeseed oil is another fast-absorbing, non-greasy oil. It is also a good oil for combo/oily skin, as it won’t cause breakouts either. It has a high concentration of antioxidants and unsaturated fatty acids. It is present in this formula as a fast-absorbing emollient.
Jojoba oil: Jojoba oil is a lightweight, fast-absorbing oil with a structure similar to that of sebum, which is produced by the skin. It is a great emollient to use in formulas for oily/combo skin because it won’t cause breakouts. In this formula, it is present as a fast-absorbing emollient.
Watermelon seed oil: Non-comedogenic oil with anti-inflammatory properties.
Beta Glucan: Beta glucan is a polysaccharide purified from mushrooms (but can also be purified from cereal grains, yeast, bacteria, and fungi) that functions as a ‘protect and repair’ molecule due to its ability to increase natural self-protecting capabilities of the skin and accelerate skin recovery. It also has good water-binding capacity and therefore moisturizing effects, and has been shown to stimulate collagen production in-vitro and can reduce appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Ginger Root Extract: Ginger root has excellent anti-aging properties due to its ability to almost completely inhibit collagen degradation through the inhibition of the enzyme collagenase. It facilitates the maintenance of protein levels in the dermis and also skin flexibility. It also acts as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory.
Poria cocos polysaccharide: This polysaccharide extract from Poria cocos, a fungus used extensively in Asian medicine, has been shown to increase skin thickness by upregulating the CD44 receptor on skin cells, leading to more effective HA binding. The binding of hyaluronic acid to CD44 strengthens tissue and helps with cell differentiation. It also boosts collagen production.
Hydroxyethyl acrylate / sodium acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer: This ingredient is the gelling agent for the serum. It is a Hydro-Swelling Droplet (HSD) form of emulsifier, and is used for cold emulsions, in which no ingredients are heated during the formulation of the product.
Lactobacillus ferment: This ingredient is a preservative, and is responsible for preventing the growth of bacteria, mold, fungus, yeast, etc.
CoQ10: Coenzyme Q10 is a fat-soluble substance present in every cell of the human body. It serves as a coenzyme vital to production of energy within cells. It is also a very powerful antioxidant or free radical scavenger. Coenzyme Q10 is encapsulated in liposomes also containing vitamin E and vitamin C to maintain activity, enhance skin penetration and potency. Accompanying vitamin E and vitamin C are needed to activate coenzyme to its active state.
Tocopherol: Tocopherol is Vitamin E, and acts as a preservative in this formula, preventing the oxidation of the oils in the product and increasing the shelf life.
Fragrance: This is the scent that is added to the product. Fragrance oil manufacturers are not required by law to disclose what compounds are in their fragrance oils. However, some will tell you what is NOT in their fragrance oils, and I base my fragrance oil purchases on this information. I make sure my fragrance oils are free of phthalates and known carcinogens. Because fragrance may be a source of irritation in a product formula, I offer all my products fragrance free as well as scented.
Phenoxyethanol: This ingredient is a preservative, and is responsible for preventing the growth of bacteria, mold, fungus, yeast, etc.